glossary (2016)

Words are powerful. By improving your lexis, it will enable you to better articulate yourself. Below are words with a brief definition. I hope these words will serve you well.

  • suffrage - the right to vote in political elections
  • propagate - spread or promote an idea widely
  • apocryphal - (of a story of statement) of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true
  • propitious - giving or indicating a good chance of success
  • grandiloquent - pompous or extravagant in language, style, or manner, especially in a way that is intended to impress
  • carcinogenic - having the potential to cause cancer
  • perspicacity - the quality of having a ready insight into things; shrewdness
  • discourse - written or spoken communication or debate, speak or write about authoritatively about a topic
  • concerted - jointly arranged or carried out; coordinated
  • amelioration - the act of making something better; improvement
  • autocracy - a system of government by one person with absolute power
  • untrammelled - not deprived of freedom of action or expression, not restricted
  • commiserate - express or feel sympathy for; sympathise
  • comport - conduct oneself, behave
  • prostrate - lying on the ground stretched out with face downwards
  • punitive - inflicting or intended as punishment
  • zeal - great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause
  • anaemic - lacking in colour, spirit or vitality
  • furtively - in a way to avoid notice or attention, secretively
  • spurn - reject with disdain or contempt
  • cantankerous - bad-tempered, argumentative and uncooperative
  • malady - a disease or ailment
  • pugnacious - eager or quick to argue, quarrel or fight
  • expatiate - speak or write in detail about
  • vie - compete eagerly with someone in order to do or achieve something
  • detente - easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries
  • risible - provoking laughter through being ludicrous
  • contrite - feeling or expressing remorse at the recognition that one has done wrong
  • nonchalant - (of a person) feeling or appearing casually relaxed
  • minutiae - small, precise or trivial details of something
  • psychosomatic - (of an illness) caused by or aggravated by a mental factor such as internal conflict or stress
  • resplendent - attractive and impressive through being richly colourful or sumptuous
  • pariah - an outcast
  • debonair - (of a man) confident, stylish and charming
  • felicity - 1. intense happiness 2. ability to find the appropriate expression for one's thoughts
  • obtuse – annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand
  • succour – assistance and support in times of hardship and distress
  • invective – insulting, abusive or highly critical language
  • virility- (in a man) the quality of having strength, energy, strong sex drive, manliness
  • levity – the treatment of a serious matter with humour or lack of due respect
  • harangue – a lengthy and aggressive speech
  • arcane – understood by few, mysterious or secret
  • prescient – having or showing knowledge of events before they take place
  • exult – show or feel triumphant elation or jubilation
  • defame- damage the good reputation of (someone); slander or libel
  • excoriate- criticise (someone) severely
  • vitriol- bitter criticism or malice
  • febrile- having or showing the symptoms of a fever.
  • atavistic- relating to or characterised by reversion to something ancient or ancestral.
  • sycophant- a person who acts obsequiously towards someone important in order to gain advantage.
  • obsequious- obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree
  • facile- ignoring the true complexities of an issue; superficial.
  • demotic- denoting or relating to the kind of language used by ordinary people; colloquial.
  • piquant- pleasantly sharp or appetizing flavour
  • tumult- a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people
  • sedition- conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch
  • demur- raise objections or show reluctance
  • anodyne- not likely to cause offence or disagreement and somewhat dull
  • reconcile- restore friendly relations between
  • innocuous- not harmful or offensive
  • castigate- reprimand (someone) severely
  • maladroit- inefficient or inept; clumsy
  • bequeath- leave (property) to a person or other beneficiary by a will.
  • seminal- strongly influencing later developments
  • subterfuge-deceit used in order to achieve one's goal
  • ignominious- deserving or causing public disgrace or shame
  • malignant- evil in nature or effect; malevolent
  • schadenfreude- pleasure derived by someone from another person's misfortune
  • parochial- having a limited or narrow outlook or scope
  • mirth- amusement, especially as expressed in laughter
  • veritable- used for emphasis, often to qualify a metaphor
  • apoplectic-(informal) overcome with anger, furious
  • invidious- (of an action or situation) likely to arouse or incur resentment or anger in others
  • acquiesce- accept something reluctantly but without protest
  • equity- the quality of being fair and impartial
  • impartial- treating all rivals or disputants equally
  • provenance- the place of origin or earliest known history of something
  • equanimity- calmness and composure, especially in a difficult situation
  • disparage- regard or represent as being of little worth
  • assuage- make (an unpleasent feeling) less intense
  • Animosity- strong hostility, antipathy, aversion
  • Pre-eminence- superiority, surpassing all others
  • Indolence- laziness
  • Gnomic- expressed in short aphorisms or maxims
  • Pithy- vigorously expressive
  • Terse - sparing in the use of words, abrupt
  • Impertinent- not showing respect, rude
  • Brazen – bold and without shame
  • Inert- lacking the ability or strength to move
  • Residual- quantity left over after a process
  • Platitude- remark or statement used too often to be useful
  • Bedlam- scene of uproar or confusion
  • Reprehensible- deserving censure or condemnation
  • Capitulate- yield to a demand
  • Petulant- childishly sulky
  • Ubiquitous- present, appearing or found everywhere
  • Modicum- small quantity of a good desirable thing
  • Ostensible- apparently true but not necessarily so
  • Anthology- published collection of poems or other writing
  • Nuance- subtle difference in the shade of meaning, expression
  • Alacrity- brisk and cheerful readiness
  • Masquerade- false show, pretence
  • Capricious- given to sudden or unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour
  • Contempt- feeling that a person or thing is worthless or beneath consideration
  • Banality- unoriginal
  • Egregious- bad, shocking
  • Brevity- concise, exact use of speech
  • Exculpate-  show or declare that someone is not guilty of wrongdoing
  • Refulgent- shining brightly
  • Nefarious- wicked or criminal
  • Heinous- wicked crime
  • Exigent- pressing/demanding
  • Arid- lacking interest, excitement, meaning
  • Precarious- likely to fall or collapse
  • Multifarious- many
  • Emancipation- being set free from social, political, or religious boundaries
  • Heathen- person who does not belong to religious practices by those that do
  • Reprobate- unprincipled person
  • Reproach- express to someone disapproval or disappointment in their actions
  • Lucid- clear, easy to understand
  • Rectitude- morally correct behaviour
  • Auspicious- conducive to success, favourable
  • Ostentatious- designed to impress
  • Pernicious- having an harmful effect in a gradual way
  • Nebulous- vague or ill defined
  • Conspicuous- clearly visible
  • Conceited- excessively proud of oneself, vain
  • Servility- excessive service to please others
  • Innuendo- allusive or disparaging, oblique remark
  • Oblique- not expressed or done in a direct way
  • Disparaging- derogatory, something of little worth
  • Allusive– containing a suggestion rather than explicit definition
  • Solipsism– only ones mind is sure to exist
  • Pejorative- expressing contempt or disapproval
  • Polemic- a strong written or verbal attack on something
  • Infidel- a person who has no religion or not in the majority
  • Corollary- a proposition that follows from (and is often appended to) one already proved.
  • Fascism- an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization
  • Remiss- negligent, lacking care or duty
  • Cavernous- like a cavern in size, shape or atmosphere
  • Posterity- future generations of people
  • Perversion- distortion or corruption of the original course, meaning or state of something
  • Protracted- lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual
  • Gravitas- dignity, solemness of matter
  • Solemnity- state of being serious and dignified
  • Pontificate- expressing opinions in a pompous or dogmatic way
  • Anemic- lacking in colour, spirit or vitality
  • Cohesion- action or fact of forming a united whole
  • Nepotism- practice among those in power or influence by favouring relatives or friends , especially giving them jobs
  • Frailty- condition of being weak or delicate
  • Misogyny- dislike of, prejudice against women
  • Benignly- gentle or kind
  • Denigrate- criticise unfairly
  • Modus operandi (Latin) – how he/she operates
  • Convalescent- a person who is recovering from an illness or medical treatment
  • Flagellation- flogging or beating, either as a religious discipline or for sexual gratification
  • Fratricide- the killing of one's brother or sister
  • Vicarious redemption- to have someone else suffer punishment on your behalf
  • Cowardice- lack of bravery
  • Vis inertiae (Latin)-  The resistance of matter, as when a body at rest is set in motion, or a body in motion is brought to rest, or has its motion changed, either in direction or in velocity
  • Tergiversation- evasion of straightforward action or clear-cut statement: equivocation
  • Fiduciary- involving trust, especially with regard to the relationship between a trustee and a beneficiary
  • Vernacular - spoken as one's mother tongue; not learned or imposed as a second language
  • Domine Dirige Nos (Latin)- Lord, guide us (motto of the City of London)
  • Admonition- a firm warning or reprimand
  • Equivocation- the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoid committing oneself; prevarication
  • Embellish- make (something) more attractive by the addition of decorative details or features
  • Jubilation- a feeling of great happiness and triumph.
  • Entropy- lack of order or predictability; gradual decline into disorder
  • Apropos- very appropriate to a particular situation
  • Interloper- a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong.
  • Perimeter- the continuous line forming the boundary of a closed geometrical figure
  • Allocation- the action or process of allocating or sharing out something
  • Antipathy - a deep-seated feeling of aversion.
  • Demagogue - a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument.
  • Covertly- done secretly or in a hidden way
  • Tenacity- fact or quality of being very determined
  • Arbiter - a person whose views or actions have influence in a particular sphere
  • Ignominious- public shame or disgrace.
  • Locution - a word or phrase, especially with regard to style or idiom.
  • Efface- make oneself appear insignificant or inconspicuous
  • Pyromania- obsessive desire to set fire to things
  • Emanate- to spread out (feeling/quality/sensation)
  • Preponderance – quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity or importance
  • Repugnant- distasteful, unacceptable
  • Malaise- general feeling of discomfort, illness or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify
  • Amplify- enlarge upon or add detail to
  • Dichotomy- a partition of a whole (or a set) into two parts. Mutually exclusive.
  • Conjure- cause to (spirit or ghost) appear by a means of magic ritual
  • Litigate- resort to legal action to settle a matter
  • Hyperbole- exaggeration as a figure of speech e.g "zillion, gabillion"
  • Contempt- feeling that a person is worthless or beneath consideration
  • Arid- lacking interest or feeling, lifeless and dull
  • Remiss – negligent in the performance of work or duty
  • Alacrity- brisk and cheerful readiness
  • impertinent – not showing proper respect, rude
  • Bigot- a person intolerant towards those holding different opinions
  • Facetious- treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humour
  • Unalloyed- (of emotion) complete and unreserved
  • Temerity- boldness, excessive confidence
  • Adhesive- stick fast to a surface or object
  • Cataclysmic- (of a natural event) large scale and violent
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